Hotel Corcoran / Mercy Hospital / Durham Business School / Home Savings Bank

35.997131, -78.900841

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At the northern terminus of Corcoran at East Chapel Hill Street, across CHS from the Washington Duke Motel, is the northeast corner of East Chapel Hill St. and Holland St., where we've moved from Mansard to Modern to Launch Vehicle.

The building at 313-315 East Chapel Hill Street was constructed around 1907 as the Corcoran Hotel, but did not survive for long due to stiff competition from the other downtown hotels. It became Mercy Hosptial, then the Durham Business School.

From the Washington Duke Hotel, looking northeast, likely mid-1920s.
(Courtesy Duke Archives, Wyatt Dixon Collection)

From the corner of Corcoran and East Chapel Hill St., looking northeast. Probably a little bit later than the above picture, but before 1934, when the Post Office was built.
(Courtesy Duke Archives, Wyatt Dixon Collection)

The entrance

(Courtesy Duke Archives, Wyatt Dixon Collection)

The business school appears to have closed by the 1930s. The "Tip-Top Tavern" was located on the first floor during this era.

(Courtesy Durham County Library)

As seen from the east, looking west from Rigsbee, mid-1930s.

(Courtesy University of North Carolina / North Carolina Collection)

In the 1938, the 313 half of the building was torn down and replaced with a art deco/moderne movie theater known as the Center Theatre, built by general contractor George W. Kane.

Looking east, Foster St. in the foreground. The Center Theater is under construction, and 315 E. Chapel Hill perists to its east.
(Courtesy Duke Archives)

Below, the completed Center Theater and 315 East Chapel Hill, 1940. This is the only picture I've seen with a complete Center Theater and an unmodified 315 East Chapel Hill.

(Courtesy Library of Congress)

Below, a closer picture of the Center from about 1948, going by the movie title.

(Courtesy Durham County Library)

In 1951, 315 East Chapel Hill St. was 'modernized' by removing the mansard roof, parging the exterior of the building, replacing the windows, and other changes that fundamentally changed the character of the building.

Above - being 'updated' for the demanding standards of the 1950s, 02.22.51
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

Above, the Center Theater and 315 E. Chapel Hill from the Washington Duke Hotel, looking northeast, mid-1950s
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

Like most (all?) downtown movie theaters, the Center was segregated. Unlike the Carolina, which admitted African-Americans - but only through a side door to be able to sit in the balcony, separated from whites, I don't think the Center admitted African-Americans at all.

As a result, it was a focus of civil rights protests, like the one pictured below.

Looking east, 03.10.61
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

Looking east, 03.10.61
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

By the mid-1960s, this incarnation of the Center Theater was reaching the end of its lifespan, short of 30 years old. I'm not sure if it ever de-segregated at this location.

(Courtesy The Herald Sun)

Above and below, the Center Theatre around 1965, again by the movie titles, looking northeast from Corcoran, near Chapel Hill St.

(Courtesy Durham County Library)

By 1966, the Center theater moved to Lakewood Shopping Center. The building was sold to the next-door neighbor, Home Savings and Loan, which demolished the theater.

Demolishing the theater, looking north, 01.09.67
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

Demolishing the theater, looking south, 03.30.67
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

Demolishing the theater, looking northeast, 03.30.67
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

(Courtesy Durham County Library)

The building which replaced it, the Home Savings Bank, is what you get when you combine modernism with whimsical.

(Courtesy Durham County Library)

The Home Savings and Loan Building, 01.30.69
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

The same building today, now the Mutual Community Savings Bank

While I feel like I should dislike this building because of unclear openings for doors and windows, on most days I can't help but like it. Unlike a lot of stolid modernism, this just seems sort of irrepressibly geeky, in that Revenge of the Nerds/Napoleon Dynamite kind of way.

The building immediately to the east of the bank remains the original 315 East Chapel Hill St., albeit radically transformed. Visible around the window frames is brick, underneath the parged concrete exterior (on the sides.) Not much other clue to its origins, except for the general size and massing (minus the mansard roof.)

Looking northwest from East Chapel Hill St., 2007.


It's also of minor historical interest in that Home Savings & Loan's logo was based on the shape of the building (most notably the distinctive tower-ish thing that had "HOME SAVINGS" down the side in the post-1968 picture).

Still looking forward to Halloween in their designs - a little more gold than orange in the stripes. But there are still the orange/white construction buckets out front. I say yuck.

woozle - I agree - a serious homage to verticality.

Coco - yuck on the orange barrels with gold stripes, or yuck on the building more generally?

Walking by this building Monday, I couldn't help but be struck by it. I just couldn't figure out whether I liked it. :) I need to look at it from across the street; maybe I'd like it more. I also need to go inside: one thing I noticed from the sidewalk is the grand curving sweep of the teller counter inside. There's a rhythm to the columning outside that seems echoed by the rhythm of the teller stations, but again, I need to go in.

(OT: I got close enough to the building at the NE corner of Main and Chapel Hill to confirm that the African restaurant there is closed, and nothing else is in there. Having read the post on the building, I really want to go in there again.)

Does anyone know when the Homes Savings Bank (Mutual) was built? Who was the architect? I love the building--it's very Disney. I had a friend from Iowa call and ask me to photograph it for him so that he could talk about it at an architecture conference.


The picture above, where the Center theater has been demolished and there is a picture of the building-to-come is from 1967. The building was built by 1969 - so somewhere in that range. I don't know the architect though. I think it is a cool building too.


The Center Theater had a side entrance for black patrons.  Black patrons sat in the highest balcony of the two balconies in the theater.

The Center really was a classic movie theater that I'm sorry was torn down. It have the long curved stariwell with the brass rails and would have been a real showcase property if it was still standing today. When I look at how much has been done with the Carolina, (which wasn't nearly as nice long ago) I always wish that the Center could have been saved.

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