"fairview" (washington Duke House)

35.998554, -78.908165

Cross Street
Year built
Year demolished
Architectural style
Construction type
Building Type
Can you help?
You don't need to know everything, but do you know the architect?
Log in or register and you can edit this.
"Fairview" Nearing completion of construction  left to right (possibly): W. A. Wilkerson, Washington Duke, Ben Duke
"Fairview" nearing completion.  W. A. Wilkerson, Washington Duke, Benjamin Duke standing.

The site just to the west of the first Duke Factory was Washington Duke's first in-town home.


(Durham Historic Inventory)

In 1884, Duke built a new brick factory, just to the east of his house and original factory. In 1888, he built a new house, which he called Fairview.





Looking west, with the old factory building to the right. The steeple of Main Street Methodist Church is just visible above the roof of Fairview.
(Courtesy Durham County Library)

And soon after, his new factory.






The view from the Southgate Jones property, looking northwest at Fairview, the old house, the old factory, and the new factory.
(Courtesy Duke Archives)

Soon thereafter, the older house (and factory) were torn down.






Facing Northeast, from Peabody and Duke Sts.
(Courtesy Durham County Library)






Looking north from Peabody
(Courtesy Duke Archives)

And a closer view of the house, from Peabody looking north.



(Courtesy Durham County Library)

Washington Duke died in 1905; Miss Annie Roney is listed at the house in 1908. In 1915, an "SP Skinner, tobacco buyer" is listed at the address. Sometime between 1915 and 1919, Fairview was torn down, and the L&M offices were built on part of the site. This view is looking southeast, with the offices in the one story building to the right.



(Courtesy Duke Archives)

This aerial shot shows the offices just to the west (left edge of frame) of the main factory building.



(Courtesy Durham County Library)

Before construction of the New Cigarette Factory, L&M moved the office building across Main Street.

Looking east, 06.28.46
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)

Looking west-southwest, 06.28.46
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)

Looking south, 06.28.46
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)

Looking southeast, 06.28.46
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)

Looking southwest, 06.28.46
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)

For a brief period, the future site of the New Cigarette Factory served as a parking lot.





Shot from the Durham Ice Cream company building, looking southeast towards the intersection of Duke and Main Streets. The former entry stair to Fairview is visible at the corner - 1947.
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)






The Old Cigarette Factory from the site/parking lot, prior to decapitation - looking east - 1947.
(Courtesy The Herald-Sun Newspaper)

Ground was then broken on the New Cigarette Factory; the office building is visible on the other (north) side of West Main St.




(Courtesy Duke Rare Book and Manuscript Collection - Wyatt Dixon Collection)

A view of the building under construction. The current Brightleaf area is in the background, with Main Street Methodist Church and other businesses in view on the site of the Brightleaf parking lot.


(Courtesy Duke Archives)





Nearly completed, looking northeast (with the Old Cigarette Factory just to the east, still un-shrunken.)
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)






Strike at the construction of the New Cigarette Factory, 05.18.49
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

This view shows the completed New Cigarette Factory.




(Courtesy Duke Archives)

The factory building hosted tours for the general public; numerous promotional postcards were produced, featuring the New Cigarette Factory.

An aerial view of the building for a postcard, looking southeast.


(Courtesy Durham County Library)





Postcard of the New Cigarette Factory
(Courtesy The University of North Carolina)






Postcard of the New Cigarette Factory
(Courtesy The University of North Carolina)






Looking southeast from West Main St., 1952
(Courtesy Duke University)






New Cigarette Factory, 07.31.58
(Courtesy The Herald Sun)

Production of cigarettes dwindled towards the end of the 20th century. I'm not sure when production actually ceased at the New Cigarette Factory, but it was fairly moribund by the 1990s, and Liggett left for good in 2000.






Liggett Complex, 08.05.92
(Courtesy Herald-Sun)

While the building has, to my aesthetic, a certain brutal and unforgiving utilitarian bulk, this was somehow mitigated by the iconic Chesterfield sign that sat atop the building, facing west. The bright red sign with three-dimensional cigarette pack, welcoming visitors, went a long way to cheering the face of the dour structure. Unfortunately, this was replaced in the mid-1980s with the corporate and utterly soulless black billboard with the Liggett and Myers name and logo.

The building, looking southeast from Duke and Main Streets, Fall 2006



The fate of this building was in the balance for awhile, but the Blue Devil Ventures folks decided to keep the building and develop it as residential space. The plan has been to cut a 'light shaft' down the center of the building to create a courtyard/open space in the center and open up some more window space on the sides. My understanding is that, in the 'divorce' between partners in Blue Devil Ventures, custody of the New Cigarette Factory (known to the partnership as 'West Village Phase III') went to now-former partner Tom Niemann. If they could put back the big red and white Chesterfield sign, I think that would be fantastic.





New Cigarette Factory from the West Village parking deck, looking south, 05.24.08

In early 2009, the city (with an assist provided by some Federal funding) moved towards improving the streetscape between the loop and Duke Street - giving the streetscape much the same treatment provided to in-loop sidewalks, utilities, etc.

Find this spot on a Google Map



That would be great if they would replace the sign good call Gary

Add new comment

Log in or register to post comments.